The Chesapeake Bay is one of the most vital natural resources the United States, and an effort to keep it clean means supporting safe drinking water, fish and animal habitats, numerous businesses, tourism, and recreation.
On December 29th, 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL), a historic and comprehensive cleanup plan to guide federal, state, and local actions as their communities clean up the Chesapeake Bay and the connected stream, creeks, and rivers.
Virginia developed strategies to reduce nutrient pollution in our waterways through the Chesapeake Bay TMDL Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP). Phase I WIPs were developed in 2010, and Phase II WIPs were developed in 2012. The state evaluated our progress toward the 2025 goals in 2017 and found great success. Communities throughout the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, along with federal and state government, local government, nonprofit organizations, farmers, and private businesses are making significant progress reducing pollutants and protecting the health of local waterways and the bay. Virginia compiled and revised the regional plans to create the Virginia’s Final Phase III Watershed Implementation Plan in 2019.
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