Chesapeake Bay Act

Implementation & Enforcement

The Environmental Division of the Department of Public Works is responsible for the enforcement of the requirements of the County's Chesapeake Bay Preservation Area (CBPA) Overlay District. The purpose of the CPBA is to protect, preserve, and improve surface water quality. The CBPA is a requirement of the Commonwealth of Virginia and all localities in "Tidewater" Virginia are required to implement local requirements within their Comprehensive Plans and Zoning and Subdivision Ordinances to protect water quality. 


Stafford County's CBPA requirements are listed in Section 28-62 of the Stafford County Zoning Ordinance, a portion of the county code


Contact Information

More information about the Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act in Virginia may be obtained from the Chesapeake Bay Local Assistance of the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. 


For more information on the Chesapeake Bay Act in Stafford County or to report a potential violation of the Bay Act, please contact the Environmental Division by calling (540) 658-8830.

​Chesapeake Bay TMDL Action Plan


In 2010, the EPA established the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL), a comprehensive pollution diet for the Chesapeake Bay. The goal of the Chesapeake Bay TMDL is to restore clean water in the Bay, as well as local streams and rivers.

The Chesapeake Bay TMDL requires Stafford County and other regulated Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Permitees to provide specific pollution reductions, defined in terms of pounds of sediment, phosphorus, and nitrogen through local stormwater management programs.

As established by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Stafford must reduce its share of TMDL pollution by 5% during the current MS4 permit cycle (2013–2018), an additional 35% (40% total) during the second permit cycle (2018–2023), and the final 60% (100% total) during the third permit cycle (2023–2028).

Stafford County’s MS4 permit requires a more detailed plan in order to meet the 5% reduction requirements. This plan - termed the Chesapeake Bay TMDL Action Plan - outlines the specific projects and programs that will be implemented during this permit cycle.

To view Stafford County's most recent Chesapeake Bay TMDL Action Plan, click here.